“Photography is the story I fail to put into words.”
— Destin Sparks
Can you believe we are breezing along so quickly? You guys are operating your cameras manually like ninjas! Well… ninja photographers, maybe? I sure hope you are not jumping from rooftop to rooftop in the night with your camera, dressed in black. That would be dangerous, and I do not advise that… but seriously, you guys are awesome! I sure hope you guys are taking the time to wow and amaze your parents with your new photography knowledge!
This week should be SO much easier on you. We are going to basically go over and over the shutter speed, aperture, ISO stuff for awhile. I want you guys to be able to look at a room/space/area and know immediately what you are going to need to do with your settings before you even pick up a camera. Given, this will take some time and I think it will all start clicking toward the end of the year, but this will come with repetition.
So, now that we are using our shutter speed, aperture and ISO, it’s important that we train our eye to see the relative lightness or darkness of the image. The lightness or darkness of the image is determined by Exposure. When you have too much light coming in you end up with a photograph that is overexposed. When you have not enough light coming in it’s called underexposed. The goal is to receive the proper exposure from the moment you capture the image. Digital correction using an photo editing software (i.e. PhotoShop or LightBox) should only be minimal. You should NEVER depending on the editing software to make a good photograph from a bad one. Always start with an outstanding image first!
Underexposed images mean you have not received enough light into into your camera to capture the photograph. This results in a dim, dark, heavy shadowed photograph.
Look at the image below. The light settings seem ok for the background, but the subject looks like a silhouette. Your camera’s light meter, doesn’t know if your exposure should be set for the lighting on the wall or the woman in front. This is why, knowing how to shoot manually is so important.
The photographer’s camera light meter may indicate that the image needs to be captured at 1/200, f5, ISO400, but when you take the shot it ends up like this. So how do you fix that? You have three options really. You can slow down the shutter speed, open up the aperture, or even increase the ISO until you reach the desired exposure. Since you know how all three of those work, you get to decide which you would be willing to compromise: freezing movement, depth of field or lack of image graininess. By making this correction, the background is going to look much brighter, but your subject is going to be in the proper exposure.
Overexposed images mean you have way too much light. Lets say you go to take a photo and it comes out like this:
Uh oh! Lets say that once again you capture this shot at 1/200, f5, ISO400, what do you do? Speed up that shutter speed, close down your aperture, slow down your ISO. Any one of these options are good, sometimes you can do two or three of these things depending on how bright the image is.
Here is an example of how the over all image exposure can go from under to overexposed. It’s your job, to find the proper exposure and decide how you want to achieve it!
-2 -1 0 1 2
Imagine the numbers above represent the numbers from the light meter in your camera viewfinder. Typically you want to align it with the 0, however… sometimes you may need to compensate. Overexpose it to 1 or underexpose it to -1. That is for you to decide. The image above however, it perfect at 0.
WEEK 7 ASSIGNMENT #1 – Discarded Object
(3-5 Strong Images)
This week, I want you to find discarded objects, and photograph them as you please. I prefer to leave them in the original location you found them, but if you feel it’s necessary to move them, then I trust your instinct. The goal of this assignment is to find beauty in objects that are no longer wanted. Show me, what you see. The beauty in the forgotten, unloved and misused!
I expect you to photograph on MANUAL. If your image looks overexposed or underexposed, use your shutter speed, aperture or ISO to compensate. When photographing, always think about COMPOSITION and THE ELEMENTS OF ART.
SUBMIT YOUR ASSIGNMENT
DUE: Thursday November 19, 2015